Wednesday, 25 April 2012

Marriage making it & living it

One of the characteristics of modern life seems to be a breakdown of family life, the foundation of which is a happy and healthy marriage. 

This has vast implications on individuals and society in terms of hardship, lack of social concern and responsibility and a culture that promotes selfishness and self-satisfaction at all costs.

This vicious circle propagates more destruction of marriages and the sad story grows.

 Having counselled many couples, over the years, some successfully and others not so, I have come to the conclusion that eventual success of a marriage lies in the hands (and wills) of the partners alone.

Nobody can make or break a marriage if the two partners don’t want that to happen.

This short booklet is an attempt to share my learning and understanding of the main issues in a marriage and a look at what it takes to make a marriage a source of great joy and fulfilment in this life.

Tuesday, 24 April 2012

Marriage - Making it & Living it

Book launch!

Mirza Yawar Baig:  
Marriage - Making it & Living it

Friday, May 4, Pavilion Hotel, North Beach, Durban, 7.30pm, insha'Allah.
Entrance: R25.
All Mirza Yawar Baig's books will be available for sale.

To RSVP, sms Haseena on 0842646018, or e-mail
Limited seating.

Hartley Fair Highlights

* Spectacular entertainment
* 4 Umrah Tickets & a quad bike to be won
* Cii - Channel Islam "Live"
* Ebrahim Ganget - Sabahul Khair
* Enayet Wadi & EB Moosa
* CD Launch / Waleed Bata
* Bumper to Bumper - Ashraf Ismail
* Faheem Mahomed
* ITV Muslims Talent Competition Finalists
* Kiddies Rides
* Gyroscope
* Helicopter
* Wow ball
* Crazy bikes
* Dodgem cars
* Train swings
* Clown & Magic show - Sat & Sun 3pm
* Live snake show - Sat 3:30pm

Hartleys shopping extravaganza not to be missed!

Butter Biscuits Class

Islamic Quotes


The perfect occasion always starts with an sets the scene, give's the guest an idea of what's to come and get's everybody excited!

At Trendy, we can make almost any invitation, to suit your specifications! Choose from our designs or come to us to make your ideas a reality!

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Contact us for a qoute!

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Monday, 23 April 2012

O Allah!

Al Falaah College Mum's Committee

Al Falaah College Mum's Committee,

invites you to join us for a morning of fun and laughter,
over a scrumptuous brunch

Date: 24th April 2012 - Tuesday
Time: 9am sharp - 12h15
Venue: NMJ Islamic Centre
Price: R200pp

For tickets, contact Yasiera Sulaiman

Our amazing world of technology by Rookaya Vawda

Cellphones and computers are another amazing development in the race of technological advancement. Cellphones and the internet gives us the security of being able to reach people at anytime, anywhere, almost immediately and having access to a world of information at our fingertips.
Parents buy their children Cellphones, computers, etc for various reasons. It is disturbing that these appliances are being used for purposes other than what they were intended for and are aiding in the process of moral degradation. We are creating a society of socially and emotionally impoverished children. Family outings and playing in the park are pleasures of the past. Don¹t be fooled if your child is in his bedroom with his Cellphone or computer. With the touch of a button they transcend into a world of mixit, chat rooms, pornography the scary world of deception and persuasion.
We as parents have taught our children that our love is measured by what material things we can give to them. We have busied ourselves giving them what we didn¹t have and have forgotten to give them what we had.
If we truly love our children lets collectively decide to take away these harmful Otoys¹ from them, then peer pressure won¹t be an excuse. If this hasn¹t startled you yet, than read on for the health risks of these devices.
Scientific evidence worldwide escalates indicating conclusive proof of the health risk linked to the exposure to electromagnetic radiation. Cellphones are at the forefront of scientific investigation into the effects of radiation on the health of people. Many other appliances such as computers, TVs, microwaves, electrical appliance, cars etc. all emit harmful electromagnetic radiation that is equally as bad. In other words everything electrical emits radiation.
A Cellphone is the only radiation emitting consumer product that people intentionally hold against their heads and bodies. The electromagnetic energy emitted is microwave radiation similar to the type that cooks food in a microwave. Every time you take a call, you are giving yourself a dose of microwave radiation that penetrates the body at the point of contact- our heads. However, many feel that having a hands-free kit solves the problem, without realizing your vital organs get a dose of radiation.
A new study undertaken by Prof. Om Ghandhi from the University of Utah, has found that 10 year olds absorbed 10% more radiation than adults when making a call, and 5 year olds 50% more. Their thin skulls and smaller heads offer less protection, against microwaves sent out by the phones. As a result there is a far greater risk of damage to their brain cells. While the long-term effects of Cellphones use have not been proven, campaigners claim they can cause brain tumours, memory loss, headaches, backache etc.
Radiation expert Roger Coghill of Coghill Research Laboratories UK has been campaigning for health warnings on Cellphones. He exposed human blood to radiation from a Cellphone and conclusively proved that the white blood cells, namely the lymphocytes that constitute our immune system, are destroyed when exposed to radiation. The results were published in the scientific journal 9/3/2000.
Radiation is linked to ailments such as cancer, brain tumours, fatigue, sterility, high blood pressure, headaches, insomnia etc. Pregnant mums are putting their unborn children to great risk by using a Cellphone. If you still believe that the Cellphone is a necessity, then look at what options you have.
There are a number of products available to protect you from electromagnetic radiation, unfortunately the majority of these products are exclusively for Cellphones and do not provide the user with protection against radiation emitted by other appliances like computers, televisions etc.
The Radar is a multipurpose radiation protector that is scientifically tested. Radars are semi- intelligent electromagnetic radiation stabilizers that change and amplify negative electromagnetic radiation into positive energy vibrations. Radar when kept on your person gives one, 100% protection from all forms of electromagnetic radiation. The option of getting rid of the Cellphone will be the best, however if you have to give in to them then protection from EM radiation will be a sensible choice.

Durban Muslima Mag

              DURBAN MUSLIMA MAG                
coming soon!

A focus on the Muslim Woman in the Modern World.

Hijaab Styling
Increasing Spirituality
Health & Wellness
Holistic Healing
Manage your finances
Kids Club
Poetry Club
Careers on the spotlight

Contributions from health care professionals, inspirational speakers, alternate therapists, etc.
We want to encourage people to write their own stories of struggles and truimphs, as everyone has a story to tell.
News, Reviews & Interviews
& Much Much More!

For more info on the magazine
to advertise
submit articles,

Scarves Unlimited

will be at the
Hartley Fair
in Durban this weekend!


Bling! will be at the Hartley Road Winter Fair this long weekend. Diamante dress rings from R20, Alice bands from R10, Washed denim jeans R100, Cell covers R30 Scarf pins from R10 & Sunglasses, Necklaces, Make-up& much more......
C u there (Stall A82)

Friday, 20 April 2012

Benefis of drinking Lemon Water

Many people often love the tarty flavor of lemon juice in their dishes. But have you ever wondered that you can put this lemon juice to many more good uses than this? Yes! There are enormous benefits of lemon juice and water in your everyday life. You simply need to arm yourself with relevant knowledge and you would soon start valuing this amalgamation more than ever.
Top 10 Health Benefits of Lemon Water
Lemon is an inexpensive, easily available citrus fruit, popular for its culinary and medicinal uses. It is used to prepare a variety of food recipes such as lemon cakes, lemon chicken and beverages like lemonade and lemon-flavored drinks. It is also used for garnishing. Lemon juice consists of about 5% citric acid that gives a tarty taste to lemon. Lemon is a rich source of vitamin C. It also contains vitamins like vitamin B, riboflavin and minerals like calcium, phosphorus, magnesium as well as proteins and carbohydrates. Lemon is generally consumed in the form of lemon juice or lemon water. Lemon water makes a healthy drink, especially when taken in the morning. Daily consumption of lemon water provides a number of health benefits like:
  1. Good for stomachLemon can help relieve many digestion problems when mixed with hot water. These include nausea, heartburn and parasites. Due to the digestive qualities of lemon juice, symptoms of indigestion such as heartburn, bloating and belching are relieved. By drinking lemon juice regularly, the bowels are aided in eliminating waste more efficiently. Lemon acts as a blood purifier and as a cleansing agent. The intake of lemon juice can cure constipation. It is even known to help relieve hiccups when consumed as a juice. Lemon juice acts as a liver tonic and helps you digest your food by helping your liver produce more bile. It decreases the amount of phlegm produced by your body. It is also thought to help dissolve gallstones.
  2. Excellent for Skin CareLemon, being a natural antiseptic medicine, can participate to cure problems related to skin. Lemon is a vitamin C rich citrus fruit that enhances your beauty, by rejuvenating skin from within and thus bringing a glow on your face. Daily consumption of lemon water can make a huge difference in the appearance of your skin. It acts as an anti-aging remedy and can remove wrinkles and blackheads. Lemon water if applied on the areas of burns can fade the scars. As lemon is a cooling agent, it reduces the burning sensation on the skin.
  3. Aids in Dental CareLemon water is used in dental care also. If fresh lemon juice is applied on the areas of toothache, it can assist in getting rid of the pain. The massages of lemon juice on gums can stop gum bleeding. It gives relief from bad smell and other problems related to gums.
  4. Cures Throat InfectionsLemon is an excellent fruit that aids in fighting problems related to throat infections, sore throat and tonsillitis as it has an antibacterial property. For sore throat, dilute one-half lemon juice with one-half water and gargle frequently.
  5. Good for Weight LossOne of the major health benefits of drinking lemon water is that it paves way for losing weight faster, thus acting as a great weight loss remedy. If a person takes lemon juice mixed with lukewarm water and honey, it can reduce the body weight as well.
  6. Controls High Blood PressureLemon water works wonders for people having heart problem, owing to its high potassium content. It controls high blood pressure, dizziness, nausea as well as provides relaxation to mind and body. It also reduces mental stress and depression.
  7. Assist in curing Respiratory Disorders
    Lemon water assists in curing respiratory problems, along with breathing problems and revives a person suffering from asthma.
  8. Good for treating RheumatismLemon is also a diuretic and hence lemon water can treat rheumatism and arthritis. It helps to flush out bacteria and toxins out of the body.
  9. Reduces FeverLemon water can treat a person who is suffering from cold, flu or fever. It helps to break fever by increasing perspiration.
  10. Acts as a blood purifierThe diseases like cholera or malaria can be treated with lemon water as it can act as a blood purifier.



Burdah Evening



An evening of Naaths, Manqabaths, Nasheeds & Nazms
with world renowned Naath reciter Rashid Azam of Pakistan &
other International reciters.


For tickets, contact South Coast Madress on 031-4652196

The Cookie Jar

Thursday, 19 April 2012

Crafty Hands Mothers Day Gift Workshop

Crafty Hands Kids Workshop for Mother's Day
A Canvas Painting Workshop

Date: Saturday, 5th May 2012
Venue: Mariam Bee Sultan Hall
Two Sessions: 12h00 & 15h00

Limited spaces

Only confirmed bookings will be accommodated dependent on full payment.

For more info or to book mail me on or bbpin 222f5970

Book Launch by Mirza Yawar Baig

North Beach Events

invites you for an evening with

Mirza Yawar Baig

where he will be talking about how to have a successful marriage
will officially launch his book

Marriage - Making it & Living it.

Fri, 4 May, 7.15 pm. North Beach.

Books will be available for sale:
Bringing up a Muslim Child,
A Journey of Faith,
20.10.2010 - 55,
The Business of Family Business,
Hiring Winners.

Benefits of Garlic

Some of the old stories of garlic's healing properties have doubtful validity, but many of its claimed health benefits have been backed up by modern scientific research. There are two main medicinal ingredients which produce the garlic health benefits: allicin and diallyl sulphides.

Garlic is a sulphurous compound and in general a stronger tasting clove has more sulphur content and hence more potential medicinal value. Some people have suggested that organically grown garlic tends towards a higher sulphur level and hence greater benefit to health. Whether or not that is in fact the case, in my experience it certainly has the best taste.


Various garlic health benefits have long been claimed and the "stinking rose" treatment has been used extensively in herbal medicine (phytotherapy) down the centuries. It's been considered by many to be a herbal "wonder drug", with a reputation in folklore for preventing or treating everything from the common cold and flu to the Plague!

Much of that is at best unproven, however there are some very positive garlic health facts that are now widely accepted. Amongst the most interesting potential applications are suggestions that garlic might be able to assist some people in the management of blood pressure cholesterol levels.

Modern science has shown that garlic is a powerful natural antibiotic, albeit broad-spectrum rather than targeted. The bacteria in the body do not appear to evolve resistance to the garlic as they do to many modern pharmaceutical antibiotics. This means that its positive health benefits can continue over time rather than helping to breed antibiotic resistant "superbugs".

Studies have also shown that garlic - especially aged garlic - can have a powerful antioxidant effect. Antioxidants can help to protect the body against damaging free radicals. There are claims that fermented black garlic contains even higher antioxidant levels than normal cloves.

Some people who want the claimed health benefits without the taste prefer to take garlic supplements. These pills and capsules have the advantage of avoiding garlic breath.

Fashion Style Market

Date: Saturday, 5th May 2012

Venue: The Village, 177 Stamford Hill Road, Durban

From 8:30am till late

* Food * Hair * Beauty * Little Todds, Fashion & Style Competition
 * Fashion Accessories * Entertainment * Fashion Shows *

* Empowering * Promoting locally made products * Home industries *

For more info: call Fatima - 031-3033444 / 083-785-6670

Riaad Moosa & Friends....fundraiser for Ummaira Khan

Limited tickets available book now to avoid dissapointment!
Call Sumaya on 0835191866

Wednesday, 18 April 2012


Ginger may be powerful weapon in the treatment of ovarian cancer. A study conducted at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center found that ginger powder induces cell death in all ovarian cancer cells to which it was applied.

A study at the University of Minnesota found that ginger may slow the growth of colorectal cancer cells.

A review of several studies has concluded that ginger is just as effective as vitamin B6in the treatment of morning sickness.

Ginger has been shown to be an effective remedy for the nausea associated with motion sickness.

One study showed that ginger has anti-inflammato ry properties and is a powerful natural painkiller.

Ginger has long been used as a natural heartburn remedy. It is most often taken in the form of tea for this purpose.

Ginger has long been used as a natural treatment for colds and the flu. Many people also find ginger to be helpful in the case of stomach flus or food poisoning, which is not surprising given the positive effects ginger has upon the digestive tract.

Research has shown that ginger may provide migraine relief due to its ability to stop prostaglandins from causing pain and inflammation in blood vessels.

In Chinese medicine, ginger tea with brown sugar is used in the treatment of menstrual cramps.

A study done on diabetic rats found that those rats given ginger had a reduced incidence of diabetic nephropathy (kidney damage).

Haroon Docrat Memorial Lecture & tribute by IMA

Date: 21 April 2012
Time: 2pm
Venue: Baytul Noor, Browns Grove, Sherwood

Organised by Sr Honey Ally

KidZ N TeenZ INC

KidZ N TeenZ INC Family Fair is set for the 24th of June 2012 @ Balmoral Hotel.

Whole day of fun activities, crafts, mendhi, face painting, baloon sculpturing, etc.

Exhibitors wanted....Selling educational material, books, clothing, physios, OT's, speech therapists, psychaitrists, sports coaches.

Exhibitors include aloe products, mangosteen, jewellery.

Program included talks:-
1. Behavioural problems and instilling etiquette
2. Challenges facing youth and solutions
3. Parenting skills
4. Pros and cons of social networking
Guest Speakers include: Ahmed Moola, CII Youth Program facilitator and Ashwin Singh, clinical psychologist.

Crafty hands will be conducting kiddies workshops, by booking only.
To book or for more info on the workshop, email; bb pin 222f5970

For more info on the event contact Rookaya Vawda of North Beach Events on

Tuesday, 17 April 2012

Mendhi 4 U

For your Bridal and Non-bridal mendhi requirements, contact Mendhi 4 U.

View our portfolio on

R&S Hand Mendhi and Rizwana Nail Mendhi availble at wholesale prices.

Pics from The Holistic Health Fair that took place at Balmoral Hotel

Talks, demos, meditation, holistic healing, herbalife, honey, kulunji, mendhi,
massages, aromatherapy, beauty and health prducts,  and so much more ......
was all at the Holistic Health Fair
organised by North Beach Events

Strangers Tour

Tickets available as follows:-
*  In Durban via Kiki's Sparks Road Overport, in Pretoria at Fruity Imies, Video Razeena, Yusra Tours
*  In Jhb at Gift of the Givers
*In Cape Town via the MSA of the Cape - call them to purchase on 083 786 0027/079 285 2453

Monday, 16 April 2012

Salad Ring / Cake

Grated Cheddar Cheese

English Cucumber (sliced in rings)

2 Carrots (julienned)

Onion rings

3 color peppers (julienned)

Butter lettuce chopped finely

Dressing: 1 cup mayo, 3 tbsp yoghurt, seasoning of your choice and some vinegar to thin the dressing

Method: In a cake/ jelly mould layer the salad begin with each ingredient as listed above Grated Cheddar cheese → cucumber → carrots → onion → peppers→ and ending with the lettuce, Be sure to pack down each layer by pressing firming between the layers.

If you have a big enough mould, you are welcome to repeat layers for a more elaborate effect.

Refrigerate for minimum 4 hours.

Turn onto plate just before serving.

Pour over the ring and let it drip over the sides. Top with dried cranberries / cashew nuts / toasted almonds / etc Essentially, any thick Mayo based dressing will compliment the dish.

Sent to Durban Muslima by Safiya Ally, Estcourt, KZN

To make a contribution please email

Saturday, 14 April 2012

The Health & Wellness Fair is here!

The health and wellness fair this Sunday, 15 April at Balmoral Hotel brings together therapists and healers who can help us look at our lives from all perspectives.

There will be exhibitors who will be offering supplements, massage, and alternate therapies.

An optometrist will be doing free colour vision screening , visual field screening and screening for glaucoma.

A speech therapist n audiologist will examine ears and advice on protecting ones hearing.

Listen to the empowering words of Razia Kathrada at 10 am.

 There will be a presentation by Rehana Shaikh at 11am on Trauma Release.

A meditation cd entitled Haj Oddesy will be launched.

Talk by Steward Littler on personal transformation at 1.30pm and by Fuzail Soofie at 2.30 on energy healing.

Entry R5

 Take the first step towards taking charge of your life.

For more info call Rookaya on 0836231154

Ummaira her plight

I came into this world very very early @ 24 weeks and weighing a mere 750grams.
I was placed in an incubator for almost 3 months because my body was not fully developed and I was not really ready for this world!

Mom always said that there were so many tubes that covered my body that u could hardly see me!
I had an oxygen box placed over my head so that I could breathe as even my lungs were not fully developed including my heart.
I had a condition called ASD which is a hole in the centre which was causing the clean blood and the dirty blood to mix.
My mom was with me through all these steps including an entire blood transfusion.

I then had to have an eye operation to correct a lazy eye syndrome when I was about a year.
I then had cardiac surgery at the age of 5 to patch up the hole, and that was a success!
There were many challenges as a child to be visually impaired but it didn't stop me from playing with my "normal" friends outside.
I tried main stream school and found it difficult so that was when dr's realized that I was completely blind in my right eye and have 5% sight in my left eye, I was then sent to Arthur Blaxuall School for the blind.

Life was getting tougher because now my retina started to detach and needed surgery so back to the slaughter house I go again!!
Life getting back to normal and bham!!!
My macular starts to degenerate and I had to go back to theatre for reconstructive eye surgery because I was loosing the little sight I had!!
Surgery helped save my sight thanks to Professor Peters and her team.
Its amazing how u grow stronger through all these trials in life!!

My parents got divorced when I was 7 and we had a very hard and rough road to travel and we ie: my brother sameer and sister nadia were there for each other.
I took part in an essay competition for womans day where I competed with 200 main stream students and I had won 6th place for me that was wow!!
I almost fainted when they announced my name! I had won a computer.

I finished matric winning the math award! and was not prepared to sit at home so I applied for a bursary to study a bachelor of social science in psychology.
I'm in my final year now and I see myself once graduated serving my community.

My pending eye surgery will be the cherry on top because by using my own stem cells in this operation means that I would have up to 50% more sight and a whole new world will await me.

People ith visual impairments do not easily find jobs this means I would be in a position to empower myself and others around me as well I would lead a "normal" life and not be a burden to anyone for support.

I would be able to reach and teach many other disabled people like myself on attaining a better life.

Having the stem cell operation will be healing me from the inside out!!

Ummaira Khan  

Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of Prematurity Defined

What is retinopathy of prematurity?

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding eye disorder that primarily affects premature infants weighing about 2¾ pounds (1250 grams) or less that are born before 31 weeks of gestation (A full-term pregnancy has a gestation of 38–42 weeks). The smaller a baby is at birth, the more likely that baby is to develop ROP. This disorder—which usually develops in both eyes—is one of the most common causes of visual loss in childhood and can lead to lifelong vision impairment and blindness. ROP was first diagnosed in 1942.

How many infants have retinopathy of prematurity?

Today, with advances in neonatal care, smaller and more premature infants are being saved. These infants are at a much higher risk for ROP. Not all babies who are premature develop ROP. There are approximately 3.9 million infants born in the U.S. each year; of those, about 28,000 weigh 2¾ pounds or less. About 14,000–16,000 of these infants are affected by some degree of ROP. The disease improves and leaves no permanent damage in milder cases of ROP. About 90 percent of all infants with ROP are in the milder category and do not need treatment. However, infants with more severe disease can develop impaired vision or even blindness. About 1,100–1,500 infants annually develop ROP that is severe enough to require medical treatment. About 400–600 infants each year in the US become legally blind from ROP.

Are there different stages of ROP?

Yes. ROP is classified in five stages, ranging from mild (stage I) to severe (stage V):
Stage I — Mildly abnormal blood vessel growth. Many children who develop stage I improve with no treatment and eventually develop normal vision. The disease resolves on its own without further progression.
Stage II — Moderately abnormal blood vessel growth. Many children who develop stage II improve with no treatment and eventually develop normal vision. The disease resolves on its own without further progression.
Stage III — Severely abnormal blood vessel growth. The abnormal blood vessels grow toward the center of the eye instead of following their normal growth pattern along the surface of the retina. Some infants who develop stage III improve with no treatment and eventually develop normal vision. However, when infants have a certain degree of Stage III and "plus disease" develops, treatment is considered. "Plus disease" means that the blood vessels of the retina have become enlarged and twisted, indicating a worsening of the disease. Treatment at this point has a good chance of preventing retinal detachment.
Stage IV — Partially detached retina. Traction from the scar produced by bleeding, abnormal vessels pulls the retina away from the wall of the eye.
Stage V — Completely detached retina and the end stage of the disease. If the eye is left alone at this stage, the baby can have severe visual impairment and even blindness.
Most babies who develop ROP have stages I or II. However, in a small number of babies, ROP worsens, sometimes very rapidly. Untreated ROP threatens to destroy vision.

Can ROP cause other complications?

Yes. Infants with ROP are considered to be at higher risk for developing certain eye problems later in life, such as retinal detachment, myopia (nearsightedness), strabismus (crossed eyes), amblyopia (lazy eye), and glaucoma. In many cases, these eye problems can be treated or controlled.

Causes and Risk Factors

What causes ROP?

ROP occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow and spread throughout the retina, the tissue that lines the back of the eye. These abnormal blood vessels are fragile and can leak, scarring the retina and pulling it out of position. This causes a retinal detachment. Retinal detachment is the main cause of visual impairment and blindness in ROP.
Several complex factors may be responsible for the development of ROP. The eye starts to develop at about 16 weeks of pregnancy, when the blood vessels of the retina begin to form at the optic nerve in the back of the eye. The blood vessels grow gradually toward the edges of the developing retina, supplying oxygen and nutrients. During the last 12 weeks of a pregnancy, the eye develops rapidly. When a baby is born full-term, the retinal blood vessel growth is mostly complete (The retina usually finishes growing a few weeks to a month after birth). But if a baby is born prematurely, before these blood vessels have reached the edges of the retina, normal vessel growth may stop. The edges of the retina—the periphery—may not get enough oxygen and nutrients.
Scientists believe that the periphery of the retina then sends out signals to other areas of the retina for nourishment. As a result, new abnormal vessels begin to grow. These new blood vessels are fragile and weak and can bleed, leading to retinal scarring. When these scars shrink, they pull on the retina, causing it to detach from the back of the eye.

Are there other risk factors for ROP?

In addition to birth weight and how early a baby is born, other factors contributing to the risk of ROP include anemia, blood transfusions, respiratory distress, breathing difficulties, and the overall health of the infant.
An ROP epidemic occurred in the 1940s and early 1950s when hospital nurseries began using excessively high levels of oxygen in incubators to save the lives of premature infants. During this time, ROP was the leading cause of blindness in children in the US. In 1954, scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health determined that the relatively high levels of oxygen routinely given to premature infants at that time were an important risk factor, and that reducing the level of oxygen given to premature babies reduced the incidence of ROP. With newer technology and methods to monitor the oxygen levels of infants, oxygen use as a risk factor has diminished in importance.
Although it had been suggested as a factor in the development of ROP, researchers supported by the National Eye Institute determined that lighting levels in hospital nurseries has no effect on the development of ROP.


How is ROP treated?

The most effective proven treatments for ROP are laser therapy or cryotherapy. Laser therapy "burns away" the periphery of the retina, which has no normal blood vessels. With cryotherapy, physicians use an instrument that generates freezing temperatures to briefly touch spots on the surface of the eye that overlie the periphery of the retina. Both laser treatment and cryotherapy destroy the peripheral areas of the retina, slowing or reversing the abnormal growth of blood vessels. Unfortunately, the treatments also destroy some side vision. This is done to save the most important part of our sight—the sharp, central vision we need for "straight ahead" activities such as reading, sewing, and driving.
Both laser treatments and cryotherapy are performed only on infants with advanced ROP, particularly stage III with "plus disease." Both treatments are considered invasive surgeries on the eye, and doctors don't know the long-term side effects of each.
In the later stages of ROP, other treatment options include:
  • Scleral buckle. This involves placing a silicone band around the eye and tightening it. This keeps the vitreous gel from pulling on the scar tissue and allows the retina to flatten back down onto the wall of the eye. Infants who have had a sclera buckle need to have the band removed months or years later, since the eye continues to grow; otherwise they will become nearsighted. Sclera buckles are usually performed on infants with stage IV or V.
  • Vitrectomy. Vitrectomy involves removing the vitreous and replacing it with a saline solution. After the vitreous has been removed, the scar tissue on the retina can be peeled back or cut away, allowing the retina to relax and lay back down against the eye wall. Vitrectomy is performed only at stage V.

What happens if treatment does not work?

While ROP treatment decreases the chances for vision loss, it does not always prevent it. Not all babies respond to ROP treatment, and the disease may get worse. If treatment for ROP does not work, a retinal detachment may develop. Often, only part of the retina detaches (stage IV). When this happens, no further treatments may be needed, since a partial detachment may remain the same or go away without treatment. However, in some instances, physicians may recommend treatment to try to prevent further advancement of the retinal detachment (stage V). If the center of the retina or the entire retina detaches, central vision is threatened, and surgery may be recommended to reattach the retina.

Current Research

What research is being done?

The NEI-supported clinical studies on ROP include:
The Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity (CRYO-ROP)-Outcome Study of Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Study examined the safety and effectiveness of cryotherapy (freezing treatment) of the peripheral retina in reducing the risk of blindness in certain low birth-weight infants with ROP. Follow-up results confirm that applying a freezing treatment to the eyes of premature babies with ROP helps save their sight. The follow-up results also give researchers more information about how well the babies can see in the years after cryotherapy.
The Effects of Light Reduction on Retinopathy of Prematurity (Light-ROP) Study evaluated the effect of ambient light reduction on the incidence of ROP. The study determined that light reduction has no effect on the development of a potentially blinding eye disorder in low birth weight infants. The study determined that light reduction in hospital nurseries has no effect on the development of ROP.
The Supplemental Therapeutic Oxygen for Prethreshold Retinopathy of Prematurity (the STOP-ROP) Multicenter Trial tested the efficacy, safety, and costs of providing supplemental oxygen in moderately severe retinopathy of prematurity (prethreshold ROP). Results showed that modest supplemental oxygen given to premature infants with moderate cases of ROP may not significantly improve ROP, but definitely does not make it worse.
The Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity Study (ETROP) is designed to determine whether earlier treatment in carefully selected cases of ROP will result in an overall better visual outcome than treatment at the conventional disease threshold point used in the CRYO-ROP study.

More Information

Content last reviewed in October 2009.

The National Eye Institute (NEI) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and is the Federal government's lead agency for vision research that leads to sight-saving treatments and plays a key role in reducing visual impairment and blindness.

Fundraising Dinner for Ummaira Khan

A mother's plea.......

I am Sumaya Khan, mother of 23 year old Ummaira Khan. Ummaira loves life despite having ROP (Rethinopathy of Prematurity) and is currently studying general and industrial psychology.

Together with some local celebrities and entertainers, we are hosting fundraising events to give Ummaira the gift of sight. Her operation is going to take place in July 2012 and all is being done at the Medical University Centre in Eppindorph Hamburg Germany. THis is only possible through stem cells.

Ummaira is blind in her right eye and has 5% sight in her left eye. By doing this operation it would be possible for her to gain upto 50% of her eyesight back, by using her ver own stem cells and would enable her to have a better and brighter quality of life.

The operation costs, airfares and accommodation costs are in the region of R250,000-00.

I humbly ask of you to hear this mother's plea in giving my daughter this opportunity by assisting us in the form of donations or by attending the fundraising events that we will be hosting.

Banking details:-
Bank: First National Bank
Account Name: Misa Foundation
Branch: PMB
Account type: Cheque
Account No.: 62352250064
Use ref: Gift of Sight / (Donors Name)

Thanking you and Eternally grateful,

083-519-1866  / 033-8189253

RIAAD MOOSA AND FRIENDS takes to the stage on the 12 MAY @ THE HOWARD COLLEGE THEATRE @ 6.30pm tickets R180pp limited tickets available book now to avoid dissapointment!
This event has been organised to raise funds for Ummaira Khan.....Your support would be highly appreciated.

For any queries or if you wish to have anything posted on the blog, or if you wish to subscribe by email, please email me on

Tuesday, 10 April 2012


For the first time in my 36 yrs I actually had first hand experience in dealing with an autistic child. And truth is that I had no clue what Autism was all about until I met this 16 yr old lad. So I decided to research the disorder, and I would like to share some of the information with my subscribers as I'm sure many are just as ignorant as I am.


Pervasive developmental disorder - autism

Autism is a developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life, and affects the brain's normal development of social and communication skills.


Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Autism is a physical condition linked to abnormal biology and chemistry in the brain. The exact causes of these abnormalities remain unknown, but this is a very active area of research. There are probably a combination of factors that lead to autism.
Genetic factors seem to be important. For example, identical twins are much more likely than fraternal twins or siblings to both have autism. Similarly, language abnormalities are more common in relatives of autistic children. Chromosomal abnormalities and other nervous system (neurological) problems are also more common in families with autism.
A number of other possible causes have been suspected, but not proven. They involve:
  • Diet
  • Digestive tract changes
  • Mercury poisoning
  • The body's inability to properly use vitamins and minerals
  • Vaccine sensitivity


Most parents of autistic children suspect that something is wrong by the time the child is 18 months old and seek help by the time the child is age 2. Children with autism typically have difficulties in:
  • Pretend play
  • Social interactions
  • Verbal and nonverbal communication
Some children with autism appear normal before age 1 or 2 and then suddenly "regress" and lose language or social skills they had previously gained. This is called the regressive type of autism.
People with autism may:
  • Be overly sensitive in sight, hearing, touch, smell, or taste (for example, they may refuse to wear "itchy" clothes and become distressed if they are forced to wear the clothes)
  • Have unusual distress when routines are changed
  • Perform repeated body movements
  • Show unusual attachments to objects
The symptoms may vary from moderate to severe.
Communication problems may include:
  • Cannot start or maintain a social conversation
  • Communicates with gestures instead of words
  • Develops language slowly or not at all
  • Does not adjust gaze to look at objects that others are looking at
  • Does not refer to self correctly (for example, says "you want water" when the child means "I want water")
  • Does not point to direct others' attention to objects (occurs in the first 14 months of life)
  • Repeats words or memorized passages, such as commercials
  • Uses nonsense rhyming
Social interaction:
  • Does not make friends
  • Does not play interactive games
  • Is withdrawn
  • May not respond to eye contact or smiles, or may avoid eye contact
  • May treat others as if they are objects
  • Prefers to spend time alone, rather than with others
  • Shows a lack of empathy
Response to sensory information:
  • Does not startle at loud noises
  • Has heightened or low senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, or taste
  • May find normal noises painful and hold hands over ears
  • May withdraw from physical contact because it is overstimulating or overwhelming
  • Rubs surfaces, mouths or licks objects
  • Seems to have a heightened or low response to pain
  • Doesn't imitate the actions of others
  • Prefers solitary or ritualistic play
  • Shows little pretend or imaginative play
  • "Acts up" with intense tantrums
  • Gets stuck on a single topic or task (perseveration)
  • Has a short attention span
  • Has very narrow interests
  • Is overactive or very passive
  • Shows aggression to others or self
  • Shows a strong need for sameness
  • Uses repetitive body movements


Signs and tests

All children should have routine developmental exams done by their pediatrician. Further testing may be needed if the doctor or parents are concerned. This is particularly true if a child fails to meet any of the following language milestones:
  • Babbling by 12 months
  • Gesturing (pointing, waving bye-bye) by 12 months
  • Saying single words by 16 months
  • Saying two-word spontaneous phrases by 24 months (not just echoing)
  • Losing any language or social skills at any age
These children might receive a hearing evaluation, blood lead test, and screening test for autism (such as the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers [CHAT] or the Autism Screening Questionnaire).
A health care provider experienced in diagnosing and treating autism is usually needed to make the actual diagnosis. Because there is no biological test for autism, the diagnosis will often be based on very specific criteria from a book called the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV.
An evaluation of autism will often include a complete physical and nervous system (neurologic) examination. It may also include a specific screening tool, such as:
  • Autism Diagnostic Interview - Revised (ADI-R)
  • Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS)
  • Childhood Autism rating Scale (CARS)
  • Gilliam Autism Rating Scale
  • Pervasive Developmental Disorders Screening Test - Stage 3
Children with known or suspected autism will often have genetic testing (looking for chromosome abnormalities) and may have metabolic testing.
Autism includes a broad spectrum of symptoms. Therefore, a single, brief evaluation cannot predict a child's true abilities. Ideally, a team of different specialists will evaluate the child. They might evaluate:
  • Communication
  • Language
  • Motor skills
  • Speech
  • Success at school
  • Thinking abilities
Sometimes people are reluctant to have a child diagnosed because of concerns about labeling the child. However, without a diagnosis the child may not get the necessary treatment and services.

Expectations (prognosis)

Autism remains a challenging condition for children and their families, but the outlook today is much better than it was a generation ago. At that time, most people with autism were placed in institutions.
Today, with the right therapy, many of the symptoms of autism can be improved, though most people will have some symptoms throughout their lives. Most people with autism are able to live with their families or in the community.
The outlook depends on the severity of the autism and the level of therapy the person receives.

Cazabella 2012 Catalogue Launch

ladies who would like to attend please contact me on 0836537868 or 031 2072619



"O Allah! Shower Thy blessings on our Hazrat Muhammad who is light, actual light and mystery amongst the mysteries, and the leader of excellents".

This is one of the the best Salawat in this world, and mostly Saints and pious religious leaders recite it daily without fail.



"O Allah! Shower Thy beneficence on Hazrat Muhammad, Thy slave and Thy Messenger, the Prophet who could neither read nor write, and on the House of Muhammad. O Allah! Shower Thy blessings on Muhammad, and on his House such blessings as may earn Thy Pleasure, and as may recompensate him as will be goodly need of his merit, and grant him the way of approach and elevate him to the most glorious positions which Thou has promised, and give him on our behalf the most beautiful requital and a reward more excellent than one granted by Thee to any Prophet on behalf of the people, and shower blessings on his brethren from amongst the Prophets and Righteous, O! The Most Beneficent".Hazrat Ibn Abi Assim (radi Allahu anhu) narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that if any person recites the above Durood Shareef on 7 Friday nights for 7 times, then the intercession of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is assured for the reciter on the Day of the Judgement.

The Strangers Tour

Feeling disconnected from Allah, but don't know how to change that?
Want to be a better Muslim but don't know where to start?
'The Strangers Tour' may be just what you need. 
Featuring the humorous  Baba Ali (USA), highly acclaimed poet Boonaa Mohammed (Canada) and inspirational scholar Navaid Aziz (Canada) this is a refreshing 3 hour look at how Muslims can strengthen their relationships  with themselves, their Creator and their communities.

Sold out in more than twenty cities worldwide; it's now headed your way! 

DURBAN Tuesday 8 May  @ NMJ Islamic Centre, 6 for 6.30pm, tickets available at Kiki's Sparks Rd.

Cape Town Sunday 6 May @ Old Mutual Campus Courtyard, 4.30pm, tickets available at Muslim Hands.

Pretoria Saturday 5 May @ Kit Kat Convention Centre, 6 for 6.30pm, tickets available at Video Razeena, Fruity Imies, Yusra Tours, and Gift of the Givers (Jhb).

ALL tickets R150. Brought to you by ILM-SA, Caring Women's Forum and MSA of the Cape in association with Willowton Group.

Platinum Sponsor: Muslim Hands, Media Partner:,
Printing Partner: Offset Printers,
Travel Partner: Yusra Tours.

Enquiries:  083 271 4500, or BB 2729054A.